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Rotary Cooling of a Semi Cylinder with a Constant Heat Flux

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The present problem simulates the heat transfer and rotary cooling of a wall under a constant heat flux of a model with a semi cylinder shape, using ANSYS Fluent software.

This product includes a Mesh file and a comprehensive Training Movie.

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Description

Rotary Cooling Project Description

The present problem simulates the heat transfer and cooling of a wall from a model with a semi cylinder shape, using ANSYS Fluent software. The model rotates around a particular axis (model z-axis) at a speed equivalent to 400 rpm. Therefore, to define this rotational motion in the model, the frame motion technique with a rotational speed of 400 rpm has been used. The exterior sectional wall of the model under constant heat flux is equal to 1000 W.m-2, and on the outer surface of this sectional wall, there are five ducts for airflow.

Cooling airflow with a velocity of 29.215 ms-1 (assuming Reynolds 10000 for the inlet airflow to the model) and a temperature of 300 K enter the model through five inlet ducts the outlet section located at the top of the model at equivalent pressure Atmospheric pressure is released.

Geometry & Mesh

The present model is designed in three dimensions using Design Modeler software. The model consists of an semi cylinder with a diameter of 50 mm and a height of 200 mm, on the lateral surface of which are five air inlets for a diameter of 5 mm.

rotary cooling

We carry out the meshing of the model using ANSYS Meshing software, and the mesh type is unstructured. The element number is 679558. The following figure shows the mesh.

rotary cooling

Rotary Cooling CFD Simulation

We consider several assumptions to simulate the present model:

  • We perform a pressure-based solver.
  • The simulation is steady.
  • The gravity effect on the fluid is Ignored.

The following table represents a summary of the defining steps of the problem and its solution:

Models
Viscous k-omega
k-omega model SST
Energy On
Boundary conditions
Inlet Velocity Inlet
velocity magnitude 29.215 m.s-1
temperature 300 K
Outlet Pressure Outlet
gauge pressure 0 pascal
Heat Wall Wall
wall motion stationary wall
heat flux 1000 W.m-2
Wall Wall
wall motion stationary wall
heat flux 0 W.m-2
Methods
Pressure-Velocity Coupling SIMPLE
pressure second order
momentum second order upwind
turbulent kinetic energy first order upwind
specific dissipation rate first order upwind
energy second order upwind
Initialization
Initialization methods Standard
gauge pressure 0 pascal
x-velocity & y-velocity 0 m.s-1
z-velocity -29.215 m.s-1
temperature 300 K

Results & Discussions

At the end of the solution process, two-dimensional and three-dimensional contours related to pressure, speed, and temperature are obtained. Also, two-dimensional velocity vectors and two-dimensional flow lines have been obtained in different sections of the model. Two-dimensional sections are created on pages parallel to the X-Z plane of the model; So that they include the first (lowest), third (middle), and fifth (highest) inputs of the model. The contours show that the temperature is high near the heat flux wall, and when the airflow from the inlets hits this heat flux wall at high speed, it reduces the temperature.

The graph of changes in the amount of static pressure (relative pressure) on the model’s heat flux wall at different cross-sections (including the first, third, and fifth inputs) is obtained. These figures show that the highest pressure is created in the central part of this wall because the airflow hits it directly at high speed.

There are a Mesh file and a comprehensive Training Movie that presents how to solve the problem and extract all desired results.

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