Early in the 20th century, the profession of modern urban planning evolved partly in response to the terrible social, sanitary, and economic conditions of the constantly growing industrial towns. Initially, architecture and civil engineering fields served as the core of interested experts. As the difficulties of managing cities became better understood, they were joined by public health, economics, sociology, law, and geography experts. Modern survey, analysis, design, and implementation procedures for urban and regional planning emerged from an interdisciplinary synthesis of these professions.
Urban planning nowadays can be characterized as a technical and political process concerned with people’s well-being, land use management, urban environment creation, networks of transportation and communication, and preservation and improvement of the natural environment.
To accomplish strategic, policy, and sustainability goals, urban planners collaborate with professionals in the related professions of civil engineering, landscape architecture, architecture, and public administration. Although urban planning is now a separate, independent professional discipline, early urban planners were frequently members of these related fields. Urban planning is a vast area that encompasses several related disciplines, including zoning, economic development, environmental planning, and transportation planning. A detailed comprehension of the zonal planning codes and criminal codes is necessary to create the plans.
Urban planning projects span small-scale interventions and renovations of existing structures, buildings, and public spaces to large-scale master planning of vacant sites or Greenfield projects.
How to Improve Urban Planning in the Industry using CFD Simulation?
To comprehend the patterns of wind flow in the built environment, computational fluid dynamics (CFD) has traditionally been employed in the fields of architecture, urban design, and urban planning. Its examination is crucial to determine whether a site’s natural ventilation is sufficient to reduce heat and pollutants for improved human comfort in crowded urban situations.
However, because of the complex operational needs, it is not always possible to respond to wind flow in a way that will benefit planning and design. Additionally, CFD analysis may help with urban planning and design, and it looks into workflow needs to improve the usability of CFD simulations and their ability to inform design choices. In order to examine the scenarios where developing technologies can make CFD simulation more accessible with affordable and even mobile hardware installations, it also takes a look at current technology developments and future prospects. CFD, Outdoor Pedestrian Space, Thermal Comfort, Microclimate, Sustainable Urban Design, Airflow, and Urban Heat Island Impact
CFD usage for Wind Comfort
Nowadays, many urban authorities recognize the value of pedestrian wind comfort and wind safety, and they demand these studies before approving building permits for new structures or urban areas.
Combining statistical meteorological data with aerodynamic knowledge, wind comfort and wind safety requirements, and other relevant data allows for wind comfort and wind safety studies. The statistical meteorological data from the weather station must be transformed before being sent to the location of interest at the construction site, which requires aerodynamic knowledge. Here, local wind comfort and safety are evaluated using the converted statistical data in combination with the comfort and safety standards.
CFD Applications in Urban Heat Island (UHI)
Urban regions worldwide are experiencing the Urban Heat Island (UHI) effect, characterized by a city’s warmer atmosphere than a rural one. Additionally, urbanization will result in even higher temperatures there. As a result of its control of the environmental quality of people’s living and working spaces, urban meteorology has grown in popularity. Therefore, it is becoming increasingly important to comprehend the meteorological consequences of urban planning and the impact of urban design on human quality of life.
The urban temperature field and, subsequently, the UHI impact are two of the most often studied subtopics in urban microclimate research, among many others.
Two possible simulation approaches are an energy-balancing model and a numerical analysis utilizing computational fluid dynamics. The primary benefit of simulation studies over empirical research is the ability to conduct comparison assessments based on several scenarios. Furthermore, simulations can produce results for any relevant variable across the entire computational domain, unlike observational investigations. On the other hand, because the physics underlying the urban microclimate is quite complex, the fundamental problem of simulation methodologies is the need to apply various simplifications. Consequently, extensive simulation validation is crucial.
CFD Applications in Urban Pollution Distribution
Urban environments are the most important context for life, and in most developing countries, the state of air pollution is deteriorating daily, despite the significant contribution of technical advancements to the decline in air pollution emissions. It will continue to be challenging because of the rising need for transportation.
To comprehend the patterns of wind flow in the built environment, computational fluid dynamics (CFD) has traditionally been employed in the fields of architecture, urban design, and urban planning. Its examination is crucial to determine whether a site’s natural ventilation is sufficient to reduce pollutants for improved human comfort in crowded urban situations.
Urban planning and design can benefit from CFD analysis, which also looks into workflow needs in an effort to make CFD simulations more widely used in design procedures.
In this article, we just covered several CFD applications in improving the comfort of urban zone. The Urban Planning industries are full of applications for CFD. From the wind flow around the buildings, parks, etc., to pollutant investigation in streets. Fluid dynamics are fundamental to most facets of Urban Planning comfort. Although wind tunnel models and full-scale prototypes are standard for later development, design and optimization during earlier stages can be significantly accelerated with CFD studies.
MR-CFD Services in Urban Planning
The MR-CFD team conducted numerous outsourced simulation projects for industrial and urban planning engineering applications. With several years of experience simulating various problems in various CFD fields using ANSYS Fluent software, the MR-CFD team is ready to offer extensive services of simulation configurations. For instance, one of the projects freelanced by MR-CFD that have industrial applications includes the Air Pollution within a Street Canyon, which shows air pollution distribution in a street located between two buildings.
MR-CFD, an Expert in the Field of Urban Planning Simulations
With several years of experience simulating various problems in different CFD fields, the MR-CFD Company is ready to offer extensive modeling, meshing, and simulation services. Our simulation Services for Urban Planning simulations are categorized as follows:
- Simulation and analysis of wind comfort in various urban zones.
- Thermal simulation and investigation to reach the best thermal comfort zone.
- CFD Analysis of air and noise pollution.
- Computational optimization of comfort elements.
- Urban Designing and architectural investigation.
You may find the related products to the Urban Planning simulation category in Training Shop.
Our services are not limited to the mentioned subjects, and the MR-CFD is ready to undertake different and challenging projects in the Urban Planning Engineering modeling field ordered by our customers. We even accept carrying out CFD simulation for any abstract or concept design you have in your mind to turn them into reality and even help you reach the best design for what you may have imagined. You can benefit from MR-CFD expert consultation for free and then order your project to be simulated and trained.
By outsourcing your project to the MR-CFD as a CFD simulation freelancer, you will not only receive the related project’s resource files (Geometry, Mesh, Case & Data, …), but also you will be provided with an extensive tutorial video demonstrating how you can create the geometry, mesh, and define the needed settings(pre-processing, processing and post-processing) in the ANSYS Fluent software all by yourself. Additionally, post-technical support is available to clarify issues and ambiguities.