What are User Defined Functions (UDF)?
A user-defined function, or UDF, is a function that you program that can be dynamically loaded with the ANSYS FLUENT solver to enhance the standard features of the code. For example, you can use a UDF to define your boundary conditions, material properties, and source terms for your flow regime and specify customized model parameters (e.g., DPM, multiphase models) and initialize a solution, or enhance post-processing.
UDFs are written in the C programming language using any text editor, and the source code file is saved with a .c extension (e.g., myudf. c). One source file can contain a single UDF or multiple UDFs, and you can define multiple source files.
UDFs are defined using DEFINE macros provided by ANSYS FLUENT. They are coded using additional macros and functions also supplied by ANSYS FLUENT that access ANSYS FLUENT solver data and perform other tasks.
Every UDF must contain the UDF.h file inclusion directive (#include “UDF.h”) at the beginning of the source code file, which allows definitions of DEFINE macros and other ANSYS FLUENT-provided macros and functions to be included during the compilation process. Note that values passed to a solver by a UDF or returned by the solver to a UDF are specified in SI units.
Source files containing UDFs can be either interpreted or compiled in ANSYS FLUENT. For interpreted UDFs, source files are interpreted and loaded directly at runtime in a single-step process. For compiled UDFs, the process involves two separate steps. A shared object code library is first built, and then it is loaded into ANSYS FLUENT. After being interpreted or compiled, UDFs will become visible and selectable in ANSYS FLUENT dialog boxes and can be hooked to a solver by choosing the function name in the appropriate dialog box.
In summary, UDFs:
- are written in the C programming language.
- Must have an include statement for the UDF.h file.
- Must be defined using DEFINE macros supplied by ANSYS FLUENT utilize predefined macros and functions supplied by ANSYS FLUENT to access ANSYS FLUENT solver data and perform other tasks.
- Are executed as interpreted or compiled functions.
- Are hooked to an ANSYS FLUENT solver using a graphical user interface dialog box.
- Use and return values specified in SI units.
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With several years of experience simulating a wide range of problems in various CFD fields using Fluent software, the MR-CFD team is ready to offer extensive modeling, meshing, and simulation services. The MR-CFD team is an expert in developing C codes for enhancing the features implemented inside the ANSYS Fluent software (udf) to perform your fundamental projects that are impossible to execute using the default Fluent solvers.
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