Sloshing Tank, ANSYS Fluent CFD Simulation Training

\$270.00 Student Discount

• The Sloshing fluid CFD simulation in a tank containing LNG fuel and air by ANSYS Fluent software.
• The geometry of the 2-D tank is modeled by Design Modeler software.
• A structured mesh is done for the sloshing tank by ANSYS Meshing software.
• The simulation is Transient.
• The Frame Motion (MRF) method applying a UDF for the sloshing movement is used.
• The Multiphase VOF model is applied to model the air and fluid.

Sloshing

Experimental and numerical studies show the importance of the effect of fluid sloshing within the tank on the maneuverability of the floating devices like ships, boats, and so on. Among the most important laboratory studies, we can point:

1- Measuring the sloshing dynamics of a tank

2. Experimental-Statistical Study of Sloshing Wave Impact Loads in the Shell Tank Model

3. Verification of numerical sloshing results of the floating device containing natural gas tank using an experimental result on a two-dimensional section of the reservoir at a scale of 0.1 at two different filling heights.

4. Investigate the maximum long-term sloshing pressures applied to the shell tank in order to consider the effects of the vibration caused by the bump.

5- Experimental study of pressure distribution due to the liquid sloshing in a rectangular tank

Tank Geometry

The initial stage of any simulation is devoted to the design of solution geometry or computational domain modeling. The computational domain in Sloshing CFD simulation is a tank containing LNG fuel and air. The tank uses several series of joints and inner walls to prevent fluid movement. This results in less friction of the fluid layers over each other, as the inertia of the fluid moving inside the tank can have an effect on the fuel carrier vehicle. The model of the 2-D tank is modeled by Design Modeler software. The tank geometry is 1 m long and 0.7 m wide. Six rows of 0.35 m high and 0.04 m thick were used to separate the fluid layers. The geometry is divided for structured mesh applications.

Mesh

Since ANSYS Fluent software uses the finite volume method, it is important to have a high quality mesh. A structured mesh is done for sloshing tank by ANSYS Meshing software.

CFD Simulation

Once the mesh is loaded onto the ANSYS Fluent software, the solution process begins. This process involves defining the problem to the software. This table is a summary of Sloshing Tank CFD Simulation.

Solver settings (sloshing tank):
Type: Pressure-based
Velocity formulation: Absolute
Time setting: Transient : Time-step : 0.005 s
Gravity: On : -9.81 m/s2 in Y-direction
Energy: off
Zone: Frame Motion

UDF

#include “udf.h”

DEFINE_ZONE_MOTION(NEWMOTION,omega,axis,origin,velocity,time,dtime)

{

N3V_D (velocity,=,0.5*sin(10*time),0.0,0.0);

N3V_S(origin,=,0.0); /* default values, line could be omitted */

N3V_D(axis,=,0.0,0.0,1.0); /* default values, line could be omitted */

}

Boundary conditions: Walls: No-slip
Operating Condition: Reference Pressure Point:

X : 0.00 m

Y : 0.25 m

Gravity: On : -9.81 m/s2 in Y-direction

Solution methods for sloshing CFD simulation: SIMPLE
Pressure interpolation scheme: PRESTO
Momentum: QUICK
Level set implementation: QUICK
VOF implementation: Compressive
Relaxation: Default
Initialization: Standard All Zero

Patch:

Region X: -10 mÂ  to +10 mÂ Â  Y: 0 to 0.25 m

Pressure static: Rhow*g*(1-y/Hw)

Water VF: 1.0

Multi-phase (sloshing tank) :

VOF : Enabled
Formulation: Implicit
Interface Modeling: sharp
Implicit Body Force: On
Open channel flow: Off
Level Set On
Phase-Interaction (sloshing tank):
Surface tension Coeff (air-water): 0.0725 n/m
Material used for sloshing tank CFD simulation :
Fluid: AirÂ Â Â Â Â  : Primary phase

Water : Secondary phase

Monitor : Point: Static Pressure: 0.0525 m

Reviews

1. Regan Hoppe

Can this simulation model the effect of different types of fluids?

• MR CFD Support

Yes, the simulation can account for various types of fluids, including their viscosity and density, which can significantly affect the sloshing dynamics.

2. Taryn Stehr

Can this simulation predict the structural stress on the tank due to sloshing?

• MR CFD Support

While the simulation primarily focuses on fluid dynamics, the predicted sloshing forces can be used to estimate the structural stress on the tank.

3. Ms. Mozell Wiza DVM

How does the simulation account for the energy loss in the system?

• MR CFD Support

The simulation includes models for various types of energy losses, including friction and turbulence, to provide a realistic prediction of system performance.