Pollution Ventilation in a Subway, CFD Simulation ANSYS Fluent Training

$160.00 Student Discount

This simulation is about pollution in the subway via ANSYS Fluent software.

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Pollution Ventilation in a Subway Description

This simulation is about Pollution Ventilation in a Subway via ANSYS Fluent software. In this project, the air conditioning system of subway stations has been studied.

The subway station is one of the busiest public places. Therefore, this environment is easily exposed to pollution. In this modeling, a polluting gas with a molecular weight of 77.5 kg/kmol and a specific heat capacity of 1100 j/kg.K is defined.

Subway doors are assumed to be sources of pollutants because they are a place for passengers. The subway air conditioning system is to be located on the ceiling of the subway station to transfer pollutants into the outside environment with its suction power. The pollutant gas enters the subway station at a velocity of 0.1 m/s and is transferred to the outside environment by vacuum pressure.

In this simulation, the species transport model is used. In this model, two species must be defined. Because there is airflow inside the station, then pollutant gas enters it. The species transport model solves each defined species’ transport equations.

Also, the exhaust fan boundary condition is used to define the suction in the output panels located on the ceiling of the subway station. In the exhaust fan, a pressure jump is defined in which the pollutant gas is sucked out of the environment. This pressure jump is equivalent to 1000,000 Pa.

Geometry & Mesh

The geometry of the present model is drawn by Design Modeler software. The geometry of this model is related to a subway station that includes a subway line with rails.

Pollution In Subway


Set-up & Solution


Viscous k-epsilon
k-epsilon model RNG
Near-wall treatment standard wall function
Species Species Transport
number of volumetric species 2 (air & pollutant gas)
Energy On
Boundary conditions
Inlet-Doors Velocity Inlet
velocity magnitude 0.1 m.s-1
temperature 300 K
pollutant mass fraction 1
Inlet-Subway Pressure Inlet
gauge pressure 0 Pascal
temperature 300 K
pollutant mass fraction 0
Outlet-Panels Exhaust Fan
gauge pressure 0 Pascal
pressure jump 1000000 Pascal
Wall Wall
wall motion stationary wall
heat flux 0 W.m-2
Pressure-Velocity Coupling SIMPLE
pressure Second-order
momentum First-order upwind
turbulent kinetic energy First-order upwind
turbulent dissipation rate First-order upwind
pollutant First-order upwind
energy First-order upwind
Initialization methods Standard
velocity magnitude 0 m.s-1
temperature 300 K
pollutant mass fraction 0

Pollution Ventilation in a Subway Result

After simulation, 3D contours of pressure, velocity, and mass fraction of pollutants are obtained. The contour of pollutants indicates that the performance of the air-conditioning system of the subway station is optimal.

Pollutants enter the station through subway doors but do not spread into space because the use of powerful fans of the air conditioning system on the roof of the station causes the polluted air to be transferred to the outside environment.


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