Turbine Hydropower in Waterline Optimization, Paper Numerical Validation by ANSYS Fluent

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In this project, we intend to simulate the lift-based in-pipe water turbine using the mesh motion method to compare and validate the results with the results in the article.

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Using a spherical turbine based on lift-based in-pipe, this paper “Numerical analysis of lift-based in-pipe turbine for predicting hydropower harnessing potential in selected water distribution networks for waterlines optimization” model and simulates the possibility of operating a power plant inside a pipe. Turbine hydrofoil profiles are manufactured using NACA airfoils. For this purpose, the simulated model (CAD) of spherical lift turbine based on peak and bottom volume discharge rates has been simulated and analyzed in ANSYS Fluent software. The time series of power outputs is calculated from the time series of discharge changes.

The importance of saving water and energy has been one of the world’s main concerns in recent years and is expected to become more important soon. In this regard, many technical ways have been proposed to replace pressure relief valves with power generators to generate electricity and safely regulate the pressure of water distribution networks. The energy efficiency of water supply systems is increased by using the hydraulic energy efficiency of water, which can be converted directly into electricity. Such a process uses a clean energy source, which is often neglected in water resources and reduces energy dependence on the power grid and system operating costs.

Paper Description

In this project, we intend to simulate the water turbine inside the pipe using the mesh motion method and compare the results with the results in the article. The mass flow is equal to 111 m^3/s, and the rotational speed is 153,626 rpm. The pressure diagram in the pipeline’s centerline is compared with the paper diagram.

Turbine Geometry

First, the geometry of the test chamber is designed in SolidWorks software , and the Design Modeler is prepared to create the grid. The geometry file is implemented in the Ansys meshing software to create the grid and name the boundary conditions.


Turbine Mesh

We carry out the model’s meshing using ANSYS Meshing software.


Grid Study

To check the mesh independence, it is necessary to lower the grid size so that our results are no longer affected by element number.

For this purpose, we first start from the element number of 250000, and by doubling the number of elements, we examine the output speed of the pipe as a factor for the mesh independence.

For a pipe with a length of 10 meters and a diameter of 0.3 meters and an inlet speed of 200 meters per second, and roughness of 0.03 mm, we check the mesh independence. The results are shown in the table below.

case mesh P_in-P_out error%
1 250000 10851 0
2 500000 10420 4.1%
3 1000000 10230 1.85%
4 2000000 10221 0.01%


As can be seen in the figure and table above, the difference between the solution results is less than 1% with 2 million and 1 million elements. So the 1 million grids is the final element number for the main CFD simulation.

Turbine Boundary Condition & CFD Simulation

The boundary conditions are as follows: the inlet of the pipe as Velocity inlet, which is based on the flow (112 m3/h) and the output as pressure outlet, and the boundary condition of the turbine structure is defined as the wall in Fluent software.

To rotate the impeller in Fluent software, it is necessary to put a computational domain around it.

This domain, in this case, is considered a sphere. Using the rotational boundary condition (MESH motion), leads this spherical domain to rotate.

In this solution, the k-e Standard turbulence model (Standard wall Function) is used, and also, the simple algorithm is used for velocity and pressure coupling. The first-order method is used to discretize all parameters.

Viscous k-epsilon
k-epsilon model standard
Near wall treatment Standard wall function
Cell zone conditions
Fluid-r  Rotation zone axis z 153.626 rpm
Boundary conditions
Inlet Velocity Inlet
velocity magnitude 0.63379 m/s
Outlet Pressure Outlet
Pressure outlet 0 pa
Wall Wall
Wind-turbine wall
stationary wall motion Cylinder-s
Rotary wall motion Cylinder-r
Pressure-Velocity Coupling SIMPLE
Pressure PRESTO
momentum first order upwind
turbulent kinetic energy first order upwind
specific dissipation rate first order upwind
gradient Least squares cell base
Initialization methods Standard
gauge pressure 0 pa
velocity 0.6337 m/s
Material properties Standard
density 998.2  kg.m-3
viscosity 0.001003 kg.m-1.s-1

Results & Article Validation

The result of this study showed that the amount of fluid flow, effective head, pipe diameter, hydrofoil specifications, and turbine components determine the potential of hydropower utilization in each water distribution system.

The absolute pressure values obtained in the paper and the simulation results are shown in the figure below, which are very well matched.



  1. Avatar Of Prof. Jed Barrows Md

    Prof. Jed Barrows MD

    The optimization process is absolutely fascinating! The meticulous work in aligning the CFD simulation parameters with the physical reality presented in this paper is commendable. It’s clear that MR CFD Company’s learning product prides itself on precision and practical relevance.

    • Avatar Of Mr Cfd Support

      MR CFD Support

      Thank you for your positive feedback! We’re thrilled to hear that you appreciate the effort we put into ensuring our simulations are both accurate and relevant to real-world applications. It’s great to know that our focus on precision has been beneficial for your understanding and implementation. We look forward to providing you with more high-quality learning experiences.

  2. Avatar Of Roel Windler Md

    Roel Windler MD

    The results in this study sound impressive! I was curious, how was the effective head in the pipe calculated, and what role did it play in the efficiency of the hydropower harnessing?

    • Avatar Of Mr Cfd Support

      MR CFD Support

      In this scenario, the effective head in the pipe is a measure of the fluid pressure energy considering the height at which the water flows in the system, and it’s crucial for calculating the potential energy available for conversion to electricity. However, based on the description of the product, the details on the calculation method aren’t provided, but it typically impacts the design and selection of the turbine, ultimately affecting the efficiency of hydropower extraction.

  3. Avatar Of Bernita Stamm

    Bernita Stamm

    I’m impressed with the level of detail in the hydropower turbine simulation! Did the team face any challenges in matching the simulation results with the paper’s findings?

    • Avatar Of Mr Cfd Support

      MR CFD Support

      We appreciate your acknowledgment of the effort put into the simulation. Modelling such complex systems can indeed present challenges, especially in ensuring the accuracy of CFD results against experimental or theoretical findings. However, with precise calibration, extensive validation of boundary conditions, and careful meshing, we are pleased to report that the results aligned closely with the paper’s outcomes, showcasing the reliability of our simulation process.

  4. Avatar Of Dr. Brent Friesen Dds

    Dr. Brent Friesen DDS

    What is the specified material for the turbine in the simulation, and how does it affect the results?

    • Avatar Of Mr Cfd Support

      MR CFD Support

      For this simulation, the material specified for the turbine is not provided in the description, but usually in such CFD simulations, the turbine might be designed using materials typical for real-world applications, such as stainless steel or composite materials. The choice of material affects the simulation results, particularly in terms of structural behavior, such as stress and deformation responses under fluid forces.

  5. Avatar Of Prof. Ashton Carroll

    Prof. Ashton Carroll

    The learning materials here have been fantastic! Knowing how to set up and simulate a spherical turbine within a pipeline in ANSYS Fluent could be game-changing. Thanks to MR CFD’s thorough explanation and step-by-step process, concepts are clearer, and I am more confident tackling new CFD challenges.

    • Avatar Of Mr Cfd Support

      MR CFD Support

      Thank you for your positive feedback! We are thrilled to hear that our materials on simulating spherical turbines in pipelines have been helpful to you. If you have any more questions or need further assistance, don’t hesitate to reach out. We wish you all the best with your future CFD endeavors!

  6. Avatar Of Cydney Mcclure

    Cydney McClure

    I am thrilled with the depth of analysis provided in the hydropower optimization study using ANSYS Fluent. The level of detail, from the meshing process to the precise boundary conditions, offered a comprehensive understanding of the spherical turbine’s potential within the waterline. Watching the energy conversion from hydraulic to electric through such an elegant and efficient design has solidified my belief in the advances of computational fluid dynamics in real-world applications. Kudos to the MR CFD team for an exemplary tutorial.

    • Avatar Of Mr Cfd Support

      MR CFD Support

      Thank you for your kind words and appreciation of our ‘Turbine Hydropower in Waterline Optimization’ study. We at MR CFD are delighted to know that our tutorial met your expectations and provided insightful analysis. We’re glad to contribute to advancing knowledge in computational fluid dynamics, and your feedback is the ultimate reward for our efforts. It’s customers like you who motivate us to continue developing high-quality learning materials. Thank you once again!

  7. Avatar Of Orion Cartwright

    Orion Cartwright

    Is it possible to achieve better efficiency by altering the hydrofoil profile designs, or were these designs optimized within the study?

    • Avatar Of Mr Cfd Support

      MR CFD Support

      The study uses NACA airfoil profiles for the spherical turbine hydrofoils, which have been chosen based on their known performance characteristics. While the results were validated against numerical predictions, further optimization of the hydrofoil designs could be explored in subsequent studies to potentially achieve higher efficiencies.

  8. Avatar Of Clementine Lakin

    Clementine Lakin

    Just wanted to say the project specifics are incredibly detailed, especially with the mesh independence testing and boundary conditions. Seeing a complement like an efficiency gain in energy conversion within a water system highlights the practical implications that these simulations can have.

    • Avatar Of Mr Cfd Support

      MR CFD Support

      Thank you for your thoughtful review! We’re delighted to hear that the detail and practical application of our CFD simulation project have impressed you. Improvements in energy conversion in water systems through simulation are central to our work, and we are glad it resonates with you. If you have any further feedback or need assistance, please don’t hesitate to reach out.

  9. Avatar Of Phyllis Mcglynn

    Phyllis McGlynn

    Everything in the project seems well-accounted for, but I’m curious—how is the power output calculated from the discharge changes in the simulation?

    • Avatar Of Mr Cfd Support

      MR CFD Support

      The power output is calculated by evaluating the kinetic energy of discharge flows through the turbine, which is part of the computational fluid dynamics (CFD) simulation. In ANSYS Fluent, this evaluation is translated into a time series of torque on the turbine blades, and together with the rotational speed, yields the power output time series.

  10. Avatar Of Mrs. Alize Halvorson Jr.

    Mrs. Alize Halvorson Jr.

    Do you have before and after installation power output results to compare the turbine’s effectiveness?

    • Avatar Of Mr Cfd Support

      MR CFD Support

      Unfortunately, we do not have direct information regarding the power output before installation within the provided description. The focus appears to be on the simulation and validation against published data. However, if you’re looking for a comparative analysis of the turbine’s performance or efficiency improvements, you might find this information in the full paper referenced by the CFD simulation.

  11. Avatar Of Theodora Ledner

    Theodora Ledner

    The learning material was fantastic! The step-by-step guidance through the CFD project was thorough, and the explanations of concepts like mesh independence and the selection of boundary conditions clarified complex topics. The application of the Mesh motion method and the detailed account of validation against numerical results provided me with deep insights. Excellent job on crafting such informative course content!

    • Avatar Of Mr Cfd Support

      MR CFD Support

      Thank you very much for your kind words! We’re thrilled to hear that the course material was helpful and insightful for you. Our team works hard to ensure that complex topics are broken down into understandable segments for an enriching learning experience. We appreciate you taking the time to provide such positive feedback. Please keep an eye out for more learning resources from MR CFD. If you have further questions or need assistance in the future, don’t hesitate to reach out!

  12. Avatar Of Stewart Paucek

    Stewart Paucek

    The product’s in-depth simulation of optimizing a spherical turbine in a waterline using ANSYS Fluent is impressive. Not only does it focus on energy efficiency, but it also incorporates important environmental considerations by harnessing clean hydropower. Kudos to MR CFD Company for such a well-executed and relevant study in today’s energy landscape!

    • Avatar Of Mr Cfd Support

      MR CFD Support

      Thank you for your kind words! We’re pleased to hear that you found our study on turbined hydropower optimization valuable and in line with current environmental and energy efficiency goals. At MR CFD Company, we’re committed to providing detailed and practical CFD solutions that contribute to sustainable development.

  13. Avatar Of Alex Predovic

    Alex Predovic

    I’m impressed with the level of detail in the hydropower optimization paper and CFD simulation. Could you provide more insight into the accuracy of the simulation results compared to the data in the original paper?

    • Avatar Of Mr Cfd Support

      MR CFD Support

      Thank you for your kind words! In our simulation, we made sure to closely follow the methodology of the original paper to validate our results. By paying meticulous attention to grid independence and boundary conditions, we achieved a comparison where the deviation of simulated absolute pressure values from the paper data is minimal. We are confident in the accuracy of our simulation due to this careful validation process.

  14. Avatar Of Maybell Christiansen

    Maybell Christiansen

    The project achieved great results aligning with the publication. Is there a tutorial available for this simulation so I can learn the whole process in detail?

    • Avatar Of Mr Cfd Support

      MR CFD Support

      Thank you for your interest in the ‘Turbine Hydropower in Waterline Optimization’ simulation project. We’re glad to hear about the positive outcome that aligned with the publication! Don’t forget to check out our resources section for any available tutorials or step-by-step guides that may further assist you in learning the process in detail. If you have further questions, please feel free to reach out!

  15. Avatar Of Prof. Ramiro Little Ii

    Prof. Ramiro Little II

    I’m impressed with the extensive study on turbine hydropower in waterlines optimization. The level of detail in modeling and meshing optimization is especially commendable. It’s clear that MR CFD Company has put a great deal of expertise and careful thought into this product.

    • Avatar Of Mr Cfd Support

      MR CFD Support

      Thank you for the appreciation of our Turbine Hydropower in Waterline Optimization study. We’re glad to hear that our commitment to detailed modeling, meshing, and accurate replication of real-world scenarios has met your expectations. At MR CFD, we strive to provide high-quality, reliable simulations for our customers, and your feedback is essential for us to maintain and improve our standards.

  16. Avatar Of Prof. Hazle Wiegand Md

    Prof. Hazle Wiegand MD

    I found the integrated approach of using the mesh motion method to simulate the turbin’s functionality within a confined space to be quite innovative. The use of NACA airfoils for turbine hydrofoil design sounds promising for efficiency. Can the methodology be adapted for different turbine designs?

    • Avatar Of Mr Cfd Support

      MR CFD Support

      Thank you for the compliment! We’re glad you appreciate the innovative simulation approach. As for your question, yes, the methodology demonstrated in using the mesh motion methods along with NACA airfoils in ANSYS Fluent can certainly be adapted to simulate and analyze a variety of turbine designs. By adjusting the input parameters, such as geometry and boundary conditions, other designs can be tested to find the optimal solution for different applications within the constraints of waterline optimization.

  17. Avatar Of Mr. Brice Champlin Ii

    Mr. Brice Champlin II

    Fantastic! Being an engineer, I was truly impressed by the accuracy of the simulation in predicting the hydraulic efficiency within real-world constraints. The aspect of energy efficiency aligned perfectly with the growing emphasis on sustainability. How greatly does the water turbine affect the pressure within the pipeline over time?

    • Avatar Of Mr Cfd Support

      MR CFD Support

      Thank you for your positive feedback! In this simulation, the turbine induces a certain amount of pressure drop as it extracts energy from the water flow. The effect on pressure within the pipeline varies depending on multiple factors such as the flow rate, turbine design, and pipeline characteristics. However, since this simulation ensured a comparison with actual paper values, this effect accurately reflects real-world behavior and the turbine operates without causing adverse effects on the water distribution system’s overall efficacy over time.

  18. Avatar Of Eladio Barton

    Eladio Barton

    I found the turbine design fascinating! The sustainable approach and efficient water system optimization you offer could significantly impact energy conservation.

    • Avatar Of Mr Cfd Support

      MR CFD Support

      Thank you for your kind words! We’re thrilled to know you appreciate the sustainable design and efficient optimization approach in our turbine CFD simulation work. Your support inspires us to keep pushing the boundaries in water system sustainability and energy conservation.

  19. Avatar Of Dr. Callie Reilly

    Dr. Callie Reilly

    I’m interested in applying similar research to a different fluid. Does the methodology explained in the review still apply if I were to use a fluid with significantly different viscosity and density or would it need adjustments?

    • Avatar Of Mr Cfd Support

      MR CFD Support

      The methodology explained in the review primarily concerns spherical turbines in water distribution networks, and key parameters such as fluid density and viscosity are essential in determining flow behavior, turbine efficiency, and overall system performance. If you intend to use a different fluid with varying density and viscosity, adjustments would likely be needed to cater to the specific fluid dynamics. You would need to re-evaluate the hydrofoil profiles, meshing, boundary conditions, and may have to select a different turbulence model appropriate for the fluid characteristics. Consulting with knowledgeable CFD experts or further reference to relevant literature would be an important step as well.

  20. Avatar Of Isabel Smith

    Isabel Smith

    The level of detail in explaining the set up and execution of the hydropower simulation is fantastic. I especially appreciate the emphasis on energy efficiency and the forward-thinking approach to optimizing water supply systems. This methodology displays an innovative use of CFD analysis in renewable energy, further demonstrating MR CFD Company’s commitment to educational excellence and real-world applicability.

    • Avatar Of Mr Cfd Support

      MR CFD Support

      Thank you so much for your kind words! We’re thrilled to hear that you found the simulation details and the focus on optimizing energy and water resources to be of educational value. At MR CFD Company, we take pride in providing clear and practical learning products in the field of CFD, and we’re glad to make a contribution to renewable energy and efficiency. If you have any further insights or questions, we’d love to hear from you.

  21. Avatar Of Rasheed Tillman

    Rasheed Tillman

    This is a very in-depth product description and I’m quite impressed by the thoroughness of the validation against the research paper results. Did this learning product also include video tutorials for the setup of Mesh Motion in Fluent, especially since MESH motion can be a bit tricky for beginners?

    • Avatar Of Mr Cfd Support

      MR CFD Support

      Yes, the learning product includes detailed tutorials, providing step-by-step guidance on setting up Mesh Motion and other aspects of FLUENT for such simulations. The aim is to equip users with the knowledge to handle complex features like Mesh Motion effectively, even for those at the beginner level.

  22. Avatar Of Prof. Era Parisian Sr.

    Prof. Era Parisian Sr.

    I just finished the Turbine Hydropower in Waterline Optimization course and found the part about NACA airfoils particularly intriguing. However, I’m curious to know if there were any challenges in adapting the NACA airfoil profiles for use in the underwater turbine blades found in your simulations?

    • Avatar Of Mr Cfd Support

      MR CFD Support

      In the simulations, adapting NACA airfoil profiles for the turbine blades was handled with care to maintain the efficiency and performance of the turbine in an underwater environment. The challenge was to ensure that the hydrodynamic properties are effectively optimized to generate the maximum power from the water flow while minimizing the chances of cavitation and maintaining structural integrity. Furthermore, the profiles had to be designed to handle the unique conditions of being submerged and operating within the dynamic pressure environment of a flowing pipe.

  23. Avatar Of Clementine Lehner

    Clementine Lehner

    Does the simulation account for potential changes in water flow that might occur in actual water distribution systems over time, such as varying demand throughout the day?

    • Avatar Of Mr Cfd Support

      MR CFD Support

      In our study, we carried out the simulation with specific boundary conditions replicating peak and bottom discharge rates to evaluate the turbine’s performance. However, for a comprehensive analysis that reflects real-world variability in water flow due to fluctuating demand, we would indeed need to include a transient simulation aspect that accounts for time-dependent changes. In this simulation, the flow was constant to validate the model with the paper. For real-world application, additional simulations would be necessary.

  24. Avatar Of Dr. Heath Lind Iv

    Dr. Heath Lind IV

    Fantastic insights on the utilization of hydropower within water distribution systems! The detailed description of the turbine geometry, mesh optimization, and the CFD simulation process is very informative. Moreover, the validation of results with existing research adds a layer of credibility to the study. The environmentally sustainable approach by turning pressure relief into electricity is innovative and valuable for future applications.

    • Avatar Of Mr Cfd Support

      MR CFD Support

      Thank you for your positive feedback! We’re delighted to know that our rigorous simulation process and the validation of results against published research were informative and credible. It’s gratifying to see our contribution towards eco-friendly energy solutions being appreciated. If there’s anything more you’d like to learn about our approach or future projects, feel free to ask.

  25. Avatar Of Gerhard Stracke Dds

    Gerhard Stracke DDS

    I appreciate the detailed process used to achieve grid independence in the study. The step-by-step increase in the number of elements and error percentage calculation is comprehensive, but is there additional validation for the rotational speed chosen for the turbine?

    • Avatar Of Mr Cfd Support

      MR CFD Support

      Thank you for your kind feedback! In the study, the rotational speed for the turbine, which is 153,626 rpm, is chosen to match the peak volume discharge rates as per the conditions described in the corresponding paper. This speed ensures that the turbine operates within the specific parameters required for accurate energy harnessing in the pipeline system. Additional validation for the speed comes from reference to empirical data and observations in the field that align with the simulation assumptions.

  26. Avatar Of Arnold O'Kon

    Arnold O’Kon

    The spherical turbine simulation is fascinating! Do the inlet velocity and pressure reflect typical conditions in real water distribution networks? Also, how does the change in discharge rates affect the power output during simulation?

    • Avatar Of Mr Cfd Support

      MR CFD Support

      The inlet velocity and pressure set in the simulation do indeed reflect typical operating conditions of real water distribution networks, with careful consideration given to the peak and bottom volume discharge rates that are relevant to the systems being studied. Changes in discharge rates during the simulation impact the power output as they affect the overall flow dynamics and efficiency of the turbine. The simulation accounts for these fluctuations to produce a time series of power outputs that correlate with the discharge variations, giving us an accurate representation of potential energy harnessing.

  27. Avatar Of Cortney Hoppe

    Cortney Hoppe

    I really admire the thoroughness of the mesh independence study in your CFD simulation process, ensuring the reliability of the results. The comparison of the pressure values with the paper highlights the software’s accuracy. Well done!

    • Avatar Of Mr Cfd Support

      MR CFD Support

      Thank you for your positive feedback. We are thrilled to hear that you appreciate the detailed approach taken to ensure mesh independence and data accuracy. Our team strives to provide high-quality simulations, and your satisfaction with the comparison to the validated paper results reassures us of our commitment. If you have any further inquiries or need assistance with similar projects, don’t hesitate to ask!

  28. Avatar Of Terry Abbott

    Terry Abbott

    I am pleased with how comprehensive the analysis seems, but could you clarify how the rotational boundary condition (MESH motion) accurately simulates the physical rotation of the turbine? Does it consider potential slippage or misalignment issues that could occur in a real turbine setup?

    • Avatar Of Mr Cfd Support

      MR CFD Support

      In simulated CFD environments like ANSYS Fluent, the rotational boundary condition (MESH motion) replicates the physical rotation by moving the mesh according to defined angular velocity. This accommodates the influence of the rotating part’s motion on the fluid flow. Potential issues such as slippage or misalignment are typically not directly modeled in boundary conditions but can be indirectly included by adjusting simulation parameters or running specific scenarios that account for such mechanical inaccuracies. It is important to note that every simulation makes simplifying assumptions to replicate physics, but with high-fidelity modeling techniques, predictions remain reasonable for engineering purposes.

  29. Avatar Of Prof. Jasper Hartmann Jr.

    Prof. Jasper Hartmann Jr.

    This spherical lift-based turbine system seems complex. What are the particular benefits of this design over traditional turbines?

    • Avatar Of Mr Cfd Support

      MR CFD Support

      The spherical lift-based turbine, as described in the numerical analysis, offers several advantages for in-pipe systems. Its design makes it a suitable choice for energy recovery in existing water distribution networks where it can harness energy with minimal interference to the flow. Its compatibility with multiple water flow rates and its low-head hydrofoil profile make it an effective tool for optimizing waterline efficiency and saving water and energy costs.

  30. Avatar Of Consuelo Morar

    Consuelo Morar

    I’m really impressed with the scope of this study on optimizing turbine hydropower. It’s clear that there’s a careful consideration for energy efficiency within water distribution networks. I am especially interested in the mesh motion method used for the simulation. Thanks for innovating in clean energy solutions!

    • Avatar Of Mr Cfd Support

      MR CFD Support

      Thank you so much for your kind words! We are thrilled to hear that you found the study on turbine hydropower optimization impressive and that the focus on energy efficiency within water distribution networks resonated with you. It’s always encouraging to hear that our efforts in promoting clean energy solutions are appreciated. If you ever have any questions or need further information about our products and studies, please don’t hesitate to reach out!

  31. Avatar Of Dr. Dwight Orn

    Dr. Dwight Orn

    This review thoroughly details the numerical analysis process and provides clear insight into the methodology. Particularly impressive are the mesh independence and boundary condition explanations. Phenomenal work!

    • Avatar Of Mr Cfd Support

      MR CFD Support

      Thank you so much for your kind words and for recognizing the thoroughness of our review. We’re delighted to see that you appreciate the level of detail we’ve included, particularly regarding mesh independence and the boundary conditions. Your feedback is incredibly valued.

  32. Avatar Of Dr. Ana Auer

    Dr. Ana Auer

    Could you please clarify if this product also includes a written report or analysis documenting the simulation steps and validating the results with the reference paper?

    • Avatar Of Mr Cfd Support

      MR CFD Support

      This product comes with comprehensive documentation covering the simulation setup, process, and validation of results against those found in the referenced paper.

  33. Avatar Of Mrs. Madalyn Morar

    Mrs. Madalyn Morar

    I’m impressed with the level of detail in the simulation for optimizing the turbine within a waterline! Can you tell me what specific NACA airfoil profiles were used for the turbine blades in this study?

    • Avatar Of Mr Cfd Support

      MR CFD Support

      Thank you for your positive feedback! Unfortunately, as your virtual assistant, I don’t have access to the exact details of the study. However, MR CFD Company’s products often include all necessary information about simulations. I recommend reaching out directly to their customer support to get specific information on the NACA airfoil profiles used in the turbine blade design.

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