Car (AUDI) External Airflow CFD Simulation
The present problem simulates the external airflow on the body of an AUDI vehicle using ANSYS Fluent software.
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The present problem simulates the external airflow on the body of an AUDI vehicle using ANSYS Fluent software. A rectangular cube area is considered as the computational domain of the open air flow in which the wind enters this computational area at a speed of 77.76 m.s-1, horizontally. This wind flow hits the front of the car directly and creates aerodynamic forces on the car.
Car Geometry & Mesh
The 3-D geometry of the model is designed using Design Modeler software. The present model includes a rectangular cubic computational domain with dimensions of 20 m * 10 m * 5 m for airflow, in which an AUDI vehicle is located. The following figure shows a view of the geometry.
The meshing of the model has been done using ANSYS Meshing software and the mesh type is unstructured. The element number is 4950697, and the meshing accuracy is higher in the vicinity of the vehicle surfaces. The following figure shows the mesh.
Car External Airflow CFD Simulation
To simulate the present model, several assumptions are considered:
- We perform a pressure-based solver.
- The simulation is steady.
- The gravity effect on the fluid is ignored.
A summary of the defining steps of the problem and its solution is given in the following table:
|Standard wall function||near wall treatment|
|Boundary conditions (car)|
|77.76 m.s-1||velocity magnitude|
|0 Pascal||gauge pressure|
|Wall||Wall of AUDI|
|stationary wall||wall motion|
|Solution Methods (car)|
|Second order||pressure||Spatial discretization|
|Second order upwind||momentum|
|First order upwind||turbulent kinetic energy|
|First order upwind||turbulent dissipation rate|
|0 Pa||gauge pressure|
|0 m.s-1||y-velocity , z-velocity|
At the end of the solution process, two-dimensional and three-dimensional velocity and pressure contours, as well as path lines and velocity vector, are obtained. Also, the pressure and shear stress contours on the surface of the car body, and the graph of drag and lift coefficients in term of the number of the iteration are obtained.
All files, including Geometry, Mesh, Case & Data, are available in Simulation File. By the way, Training File presents how to solve the problem and extract all desired results.