Solar Collector with FMHPA CFD Simulation Training

$120.00 Student Discount

The present problem simulates Collector with FMHPA using ANSYS Fluent software.

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Solar Collector with FMHPA, CFD Simulation Training by ANSYS Fluent

The present simulation is about a Solar Collector with FMHPA CFD Simulation via ANSYS Fluent. In this project, a collector is designed, located inside a computational zone with a parabolic cross-section. This parabolic zone is considered the surrounding air environment, responsible for radiation heat transfer from the sun.

The outer part of the collector is modeled as a cylinder. Its outer layer is glass, which acts as a solar heat absorber.

There are flat micro-heat pipe arrays (FMHPA) inside these glass layers. This system consists of several rows of pipes with a square cross-section and micro dimensions. The system’s working fluid enters these pipes. After receiving the heat caused by radiation, the temperature rises and turns into hot vapor; Hence, this part is also called the evaporation zone.

The high-temperature working fluid is then transferred to the outside of the system and exposed to the heat exchanger airflow used at the end of the collector. In this part, the fluid loses its heat and becomes condensed; Hence, this part is also called the condensation zone.

Between the layers of cylindrical glass and these micro-pipe arrays, there is a gap space in which the air inside is responsible for sucking the hot air from the solar radiation towards the micro-pipes. This modeling uses radiation and solar ray tracing models to apply for heat transfer due to solar radiation.

In the settings of this section, the geographical coordinates of the angle of solar radiation relative to the collector, along with the longitude and latitude of the location of the collector and the time and date of the solar radiation, are determined.

Geometry & Mesh

The present geometry is designed in a 3D model via Design Modeler. The computational zone is related to the space of an outdoor air environment. Inside this ambient space, a cylindrical collector is modeled. The outer layer of this collector is radiant heat-absorbing glass layers.

Then an air-gap layer is placed. Finally, FMPHA consisting of several rows of micro-sized pipes is modeled. The first part of this system is called the evaporation zone, and the last part is called the condensation zone.Collector With Fmhpa

The mesh of the present model has been done via ANSYS Meshing. Mesh is structured, and the number of production cells equals 153680.

Collector With Fmhpa

Assumptions used in this simulation:

  • Pressure-based solver is used.
  • The present simulation is unsteady.
  • The effect of gravity on the model is considered, and the gravitational acceleration is defined as 9.81 m.s-2.


Viscous k-epsilon
k-epsilon model standard
near-wall treatment Menter-Lechner
Radiation Model Solar Ray Tracing
direct solar irradiation solar calculator
diffuse solar irradiation solar calculator
Energy On
Boundary conditions
Inlet Mass Flow Inlet
mass flow rate 0.01088 kg.s-1
temperature 126.2 C
participate in solar ray tracing active
Outlets Pressure Outlet
gauge pressure 0 Pascal
participate in solar ray tracing active
Inner Walls Wall
wall motion stationary wall
thermal condition coupled
BC type opaque
participate in solar ray tracing active
Outer walls Wall
wall motion stationary wall
heat flux 0 W.m-2
BC type opaque
participate in solar ray tracing active
Pressure-Velocity Coupling Coupled
pressure Second-order
momentum Second-order upwind
energy Second-order upwind
turbulent kinetic energy First-order upwind
turbulent dissipation rate First-order upwind
Initialization methods Hybrid

Collector with FMHPA Results

After calculation, 2D and 3D contours related to temperature, pressure, and velocity are obtained. The contours show that the working fluid in the initial part of the FMHPA (evaporation zone) receives heat, and the temperature rises.

This heat is transmitted to the FMHPA through the absorbent glass layer of the solar radiation and the air-gap space. Then, the high-temperature working fluid loses heat at the end of the FMHPA (condensation zone), and the temperature decreases.

1 review for Solar Collector with FMHPA CFD Simulation Training

  1. Avatar Of Ernestine Lindgren

    Ernestine Lindgren

    I’m really impressed by the simulation detail and the technology utilized. It’s incredible how the FMHPA effectively absorbs and transfers the solar heat. Well done on a thorough simulation!

    • Avatar Of Mr Cfd Support

      MR CFD Support

      Thank you so much for your kind words! We’re thrilled to hear you’re impressed by the detail and sophistication of the simulation. Our team works hard to ensure our products are both comprehensive and effective, and it’s rewarding to know our efforts are appreciated. If you ever have any questions or need further information, please don’t hesitate to reach out!

  2. Avatar Of Thora Toy

    Thora Toy

    The descriptions provided were insightful and thorough. I now have a clearer understanding of thermal heat transfer in a solar collector thanks to this CFD simulation training. The details about the different zones within the system and how they function were particularly enlightening.

    • Avatar Of Mr Cfd Support

      MR CFD Support

      Thank you for the kind words! We’re elated to hear that the Solar Collector with FMHPA CFD Simulation Training clarified the thermal heat transfer concepts for you and helped enhance your understanding of the system’s functionality. If you have further interests or need assistance in your learning journey, feel free to reach out!

  3. Avatar Of Rhea Crist Md

    Rhea Crist MD

    The detailed analytical results on heat transfer are intriguing. I’m truly impressed by how thoroughly the course covers the interaction between the FMHPA and the solar radiation. Fantastic resource for understanding practical applications of CFD in solar energy!

    • Avatar Of Mr Cfd Support

      MR CFD Support

      Thank you for your kind words! We’re thrilled to hear that our Solar Collector with FMHPA CFD Simulation Training was informative and helpful in understanding the practical CFD applications in solar energy systems. We appreciate your feedback!

  4. Avatar Of Laron Bogisich

    Laron Bogisich

    This review really loved the detailed insights presented in the Solar Collector with FMHPA CFD Simulation Training. The intricate breakdown of different zones and the comprehensive setup are noteworthy. Thank you for exploring the functionality of FMHPAs within a solar collector so thoroughly!

    • Avatar Of Mr Cfd Support

      MR CFD Support

      Thank you for your positive feedback. We’re thrilled to know that the detailed explanation of the solar collector simulation and the FMHPA functionality met your expectations. If you have any further questions or need more insights, don’t hesitate to ask.

  5. Avatar Of Peggie Stroman

    Peggie Stroman

    I’ve learned a lot from the Solar Collector with FMHPA simulation training. The step by step process was comprehensive and illustrated the application of ANSYS Fluent effectively.

    • Avatar Of Mr Cfd Support

      MR CFD Support

      Thank you for your review! We’re glad to hear that our training provided you with a thorough understanding of the Solar Collector with FMHPA simulation and that you found the step-by-step process valuable. Your feedback is appreciated, and we’re happy to have been able to assist in your learning journey.

  6. Avatar Of Monserrat Schultz

    Monserrat Schultz

    I’m delighted with the quality of data provided for the Solar Collector with FMHPA CFD Simulation. The details on the boundary conditions and the models used were particularly informative. Great job on showcasing how the solar radiation’s impact was simulated!

    • Avatar Of Mr Cfd Support

      MR CFD Support

      Thank you for your positive feedback! We’re glad to hear that the detailed information on the Solar Collector with FMHPA CFD Simulation was helpful and informative. We strive to provide comprehensive learning materials and are delighted to know we’ve met your expectations.

  7. Avatar Of Viviane Smitham

    Viviane Smitham

    The project results described the changes in temperature across the FMHPA in the evaporation and condensation zones. Could you explain a bit about how the collector’s performance affects the overall efficiency of the system?

    • Avatar Of Mr Cfd Support

      MR CFD Support

      The collector’s performance is crucial for system efficiency. By effectively absorbing and transferring solar radiation into heat within the FMHPA, the system maximizes the heat energy that can be utilized. This is evidenced by the temperature rise in the working fluid—the higher the temperature increase, the more energy is captured and converted. Efficient heat transfer in the evaporation zone and proper condensation in the condensation zone ensure that the system operates optimally. If the collector is performing well, the system efficiency would typically be high due to maximal utilization of available solar energy.

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