# Magnetic Field Effect on Nanofluid, CFD Simulation, ANSYS Fluent Training (2-D)

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• The problem numerically simulates Magnetic Field Effect on Nanofluidusing ANSYS Fluent software.
• We design the 2-D model by the Design ModelerÂ software.
• We mesh the model with ANSYS Meshing software.
• The mesh type is Structured, and the element number equals 9282.
• We use the magnetic hydro-dynamic model (MHD) to investigate the effect of a Magnetic Field on the nanofluid.

## Description

The present problem simulates a magnetic fieldâ€™s effect on a nanofluid in a two-dimensional channel using ANSYS Fluent software. We perform this CFD project and investigate it by CFD analysis.

The present model is designed in two dimensions using Design Modeler software. The model is a channel drawn in two dimensions due to its symmetrical geometry.

This model has a length and width of 0.49 m and 0.01 m; It has an input boundary on the left and an output boundary on the right, and the lower boundary of this area is defined as the central axis. Also adjacent to the channelâ€™s outer wall, a boundary is defined as the fluid and solid region interface.

The meshing of the present model has been done using ANSYS Meshing software. The mesh type is Structured, and the element number equals 9282.

## Magnetic Field Methodology

Whenever particles of metal or alloy with tiny dimensions around the nano-scale are mixed inside the base fluid, nanofluid is produced that can have applications such as enhancing heat transfer due to the metalsâ€™ conductivity.

Also, in this simulation, the effect of a magnetic field on the nanofluid behavior and its heat transfer has been investigated. Therefore, the magnetic hydro-dynamic model or MHD has been used. The magnetic induction method has been used in the present work to define the magnetic field.

When this method is used, an external magnetic field is generated to apply a specific magnetic flux in different Cartesian coordinatesâ€™ directions.

The nanofluid defined in the model is made of iron oxide called Fe3O4 and contains 2% nanoparticles. This applied nanofluid has a density of 1081.158 kg/m3, a specific heat capacity equal to 3841 j/kg.K, a thermal conductivity equal to 0.640835 W/m.K, and a viscosity equal to 0.001055 kg/m.s Is.

A constant magnetic field is used in the present work, and the magnetic flux equivalent to 1 tesla is defined only along the y-axis or the same as the channel radius.

In terms of boundary conditions, the insulation condition is used for the outer wall of the channel, i.e., no electric current passes, and also for the inner wall and the common boundary between the solid and fluid parts of the model, the Coupling condition is used to transmit electric current bilaterally.

The nanofluid stream enters the channel with a velocity of 0.0837 ms-1 and a temperature of 300 K. It exits the canal with a pressure equal to atmospheric pressure. The channelâ€™s outer wall also has a constant thermal temperature condition of a temperature equal to 320 K.

The laminar model and the energy equation are enabled to solve the turbulent fluid equation and calculate temperature distribution inside the domain, respectively.

## Magnetic Field Conclusion

At the end of the solution process, we obtain two-dimensional contours related to pressure, velocity, temperature, and magnetic field in horizontal and vertical directions in the model.

Also, we obtain the diagram of the perpendicular magnetic field changes in the longitudinal direction of the central axis of the channel. The present results show the effect of applying a magnetic field and thermal boundary condition on nanofluid flow and its heat transfer.

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