Particle Flow in Elbow, Erosion CFD Simulation by DPM

$150.00 Student Discount

In this project, the airflow containing micro-particles inside an elbow is simulated.

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The journal file in ANSYS Fluent is used to record and automate simulations for repeatability and batch processing.
editable geometry and mesh allows users to create and modify geometry and mesh to define the computational domain for simulations.
The case and data files in ANSYS Fluent store the simulation setup and results, respectively, for analysis and post-processing.
Geometry, Mesh, and CFD Simulation methodologygy explanation, result analysis and conclusion
The MR CFD certification can be a valuable addition to a student resume, and passing the interactive test can demonstrate a strong understanding of CFD simulation principles and techniques related to this product.


Particle Flow Inside the Elbow, CFD Simulation Using DPM (Erosion), ANSYS Fluent Training

One of the most widely used multiphase analyses is the Discrete Phase Model (DPM) analysis, which is widely used to investigate the effect of fine matter mixtures in the primary fluid flow on its conditions. Considering the various cases of fluid streams with particles seen in the industry and nature, the study and analysis of such flows can be a great help in understanding such issues. In this project, the airflow containing micro-particles inside an elbow is simulated by ANSYS Fluent software. Air enters the pipe with a velocity of 17 m/s and carries particles until it reaches an elbow. Most of the particles will collide with the outer elbow surface and gradually erode the pipe’s inner surface. The standard k-epsilon model is exploited for solving the turbulent fluid flow equation.

Elbow Geometry and mesh

The geometry of this model is designed in ANSYS design modeler®. Grid generation is carried out by ANSYS meshing. The mesh type used for this geometry is unstructured. The total element number is 2832.


Particle Flow CFD simulation settings

The key assumptions considered in this project are:

  • Simulation is done using a pressure-based solver.
  • The present simulation and its results are steady.
  • The effect of gravity is neglected.

The applied settings are summarized in the following table.

Viscous model k-epsilon
Model Standard
Wall treatment Standard wall functions
Discrete phase on
Interaction with continuous phase
Particle type inert
X-velocity 4 m/s
Diameter 0.003741 m
Boundary conditions
Inlets Velocity inlet
Velocity magnitude 17 m/s
DP BC type escape
Outlets Pressure outlet
Gauge pressure 0 Pa
Walls stationary
BC Type reflect
Solution Methods
Pressure-velocity coupling SIMPLE
Spatial discretization pressure Second order
momentum second order upwind
Turbulent kinetic energy first order upwind
Turbulent dissipation rate first order upwind
Initialization method   Standard
gauge pressure 0 Pa
velocity (x,y) (17,0) m/s
Turbulent kinetic energy 1.08375 m2/s2
Turbulent dissipation rate 723.6514 m2/s3


As can be observed in DPM concentration contour and particle tracks, the particle will collide with the inner surface of the elbow and will cause erosion in the long run.


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