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Heller Dry Cooling Tower CFD Simulation

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A heller dry cooling tower is used as a means of indirect heat transfer between the working fluid and the coolant.

This product includes Mesh file and a Training Movie.

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Heller Project Description

A dry cooling tower is used as a means of indirect heat transfer between the working fluid (water) and the coolant(air). In a thermal plant, the working fluid (water) exits the condensers and then is pumped into a ring of heat exchangers. These heat exchangers are air-cooled, which means that they are cooled by natural air suction caused by a temperature difference between the inside and the outside of the cooling tower.

The more the temperature difference exists between outside air and working fluid, the stronger the temperature driving force. In the summer, the temperature difference between the working fluid and the ambient air decreases, which will result in a reduction in temperature driving force, making the cooling tower’s efficiency to decrease.

Therefore, the thermal unit has to lower its power production, and the rate of water consumption will increase drastically to cool the heat exchangers. In this project, the airflow inside a dry cooling tower (HELLER) is simulated and analyzed via ANSYS Fluent.

Heller Geometry & Mesh

The geometry of this project includes a cooling tower, heat exchanger, flow domain, and an air inlet. The geometry is designed and meshed inside GAMBIT. The mesh type used for this geometry is unstructured and the total element number is 1343988 cells.

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CFD simulation

The assumptions considered in this project are:

  • Simulation is done using a pressure-based solver.
  • The present simulation and its results are considered to be steady and do not change as a function time.
  • The effect of gravity has been taken into account and is equal to -9.81m/s2 in the Y direction.

The applied settings are recapitulated in the following table.

(heller) Models
Viscous model k-epsilon
k-epsilon model standard
near-wall treatment standard wall function
Energy on
(heller) Boundary conditions
Inlet Pressure inlet
Gauge total pressure 0 Pa
Direction specification method Normal to boundary
Outlet Pressure outlet
Gauge pressure 0 Pa
Backflow direction specification method Normal to boundary
temperature 303 K
Heller, Heller shadow wall motion stationary wall
Wall, wall shadow heat flux 0 W/m-2
wall motion stationary wall
Radiator Temperature 318 K
Heat generation rate 14861.52 W/m3
wall motion stationary wall
Radiator shadow Temperature 313 K
Heat generation rate 14861.52 W/m3
(heller) Solution Methods
Pressure-velocity coupling   SIMPLE
Spatial discretization pressure standard
density first-order upwind
momentum first-order upwind
energy first-order upwind
turbulent kinetic energy first-order upwind
turbulent dissipation rate first-order upwind
(heller) Initialization
Initialization method   Standard
gauge pressure 0 Pa
velocity (x,y,z) 0 m/s-1
temperature 303.0806 K
Turbulent kinetic energy 1 m2/s2
Turbulent dissipation rate 1 m2/s3

Heller Results

The contours of velocity, pressure, temperature, and flow streamlines are obtained at the end of the solution process.

There is a mesh file in this product. By the way, the Training File presents how to solve the problem and extract all desired results.


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