Two Stream Combustion, CFD Simulation ANSYS Fluent Training

$240.00 Student Discount

The present simulation is about two-stream combustion via ANSYS Fluent, and the results of this simulation have been analyzed.

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Geometry, Mesh, and CFD Simulation methodologygy explanation, result analysis and conclusion
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Two Stream Combustion Description

The present simulation is about two-stream combustion via ANSYS Fluent. The combustion reaction occurs when air is combined with hydrocarbon fuel to convert fuel energy into heat energy. Sometimes two fuel streams are used to carry out the combustion reaction. The reaction by which two fuel streams react with an oxidizer is called two-stream combustion. In this project, a horizontal cylindrical combustion chamber is modeled. Methane (CH4) and diesel (C12H23) are used as fuel to combine with the oxidant to produce a combustion reaction. In this combustion chamber, four separate inlets are installed for each primary fuel, secondary fuel, and oxidizing stream. CH4 stream with a flow rate of 0.02 kg/s and a temperature of 810 K, C12H23 stream with a flow rate of 0.02 kg/s and a temperature of 723 K, and oxidizer with a flow rate of 1.2 kg/s and a temperature of 530 K enters the combustion chamber. The species model has been used to define the combustion reaction in this numerical simulation. The species model is also defined in a non-premixed combustion mode. In this type of combustion, fuel and oxidizer enter the reaction zone of the combustion chamber through separate paths; That is, they do not mix before entering the combustion chamber. In the non-premixed combustion model, the definition of a mixture fraction is used, which represents the mass fraction derived from the fuel stream. Also, since secondary fuel is used in this combustion chamber, the secondary stream must be activated.

Geometry & Mesh

The present geometry is designed in a 3D model via Design Modeler. The computational zone is the interior of a horizontal cylindrical combustion chamber. In the inlet section of this combustion chamber, four inlets for primary fuel, secondary fuel, and airflow are designed.


The mesh of the present model has been done via ANSYS Meshing. Mesh is done unstructured, and the number of production cells equals 505082.


Set-up & Solution

Assumptions used in this simulation  :

  • Pressure-based solver is used.
  • The present simulation is steady.
  • The effect of gravity on the model is ignored.
Viscous k-epsilon
k-epsilon model realizable
near-wall treatment standard wall function
Species Non-Premixed
energy treatment non-adiabatic
stream option secondary stream
fuel temperature 810 K
oxide temperature 723 K
second temperature 530 K
species fuel : 1CH4

oxide : 0.79N2 & 0.21 O2

second : 1C12H23

Energy On
Boundary conditions
Inlet-Fuel Mass Flow Inlet
mass flow rate 0.02 kg.s-1
temperature 810 K
mean mixture fraction 1
Inlet-Oxid Mass Flow Inlet
mass flow rate 1.2 kg.s-1
temperature 358.15 K
mean mixture fraction 0
Inlet-Secondary Mass Flow Inlet
mass flow rate 0.02 kg.s-1
temperature 530 K
secondary mean mixture fraction 1
Outlet Pressure Outlet
gauge pressure 0 Pascal
Wall Wall
wall motion stationary wall
heat flux 0 W.m-2
Pressure-Velocity Coupling SIMPLE
pressure standard
momentum first-order upwind
turbulent kinetic energy first-order upwind
turbulent dissipation rate first-order upwind
mean mixture fraction first-order upwind
mean mixture variance first-order upwind
secondary mean mixture fraction first-order upwind
secondary mean mixture variance first-order upwind
energy first-order upwind
Initialization methods Hybrid

Two Stream Combustion Results

After calculation, 2D and 3D contours related to pressure, velocity, temperature, and species’ mass fraction ( CH4, CO2, C12H23, O2, H2O, H2, CO ), water-liquid volume fraction, and water-vapor volume fraction are obtained. The results show that the temperature in the reaction zone increases significantly. In other words, where the primary and secondary fuel streams and the oxidizing stream inside the combustion chamber combine, the combustion reaction occurs. As a result, high thermal energy is produced. Also, at the beginning of the combustion chamber, the mass fraction of each reactant (including CH4, C12H23, and O2) decreases, and then the amount of each of the reaction products (such as CO2, CO, H2O, etc. ) increases. This indicates that the combustion reaction is taking place correctly and that as a result of this reaction, fuel and oxidizing streams are converted into reaction products.


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